Fragment 510350



by the figure of a synedoche,

Original French:  par figure Synecdochique,

Modern French:  par figure Synecdochique,


Le synecdoque est une figure de rhétorique par laquelle on prend la partie pour le sum, ou un nom propre pour un nom commun. Cf. Quintilien, Inst. Or., VIII, 6, 19-21.

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Oeuvres. Tome Cinquieme: Tiers Livre
p. 363
Abel Lefranc [1863-1952], editor
Paris: Librairie Ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931


La synecdoque, figure de rhétorique, fait prendre la partie pour le tout ou le nom propre pour le nom commun.

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Œuvres complètes
p. 506, n. 23
Mireille Huchon, editor
Paris: Gallimard, 1994


synecdoche. Also syn-, sinodoches, synadochie, sinecdochine, senec(h)doche, synechdoche, sinecdoche, synegdoche, synechdochie. Also anglicized sinecdoch. [adopted from late Latin synecdoche (in medieval Latin sinodoche, whence obssolete French synodoche), adopted from Greek sunekdox, formed on sunekdexesqai lit. to take with something else.]

A figure by which a more comprehensive term is used for a less comprehensive or vice versâ; as whole for part or part for whole, genus for species or species for genus, etc. Formerly sometimes used loosely or vaguely, and not infrequently misexplained.

1388 John Wyclif’s Bible, Prol. xii. (1850) 47 Bi a figure clepid synodoches [v.r. synadochie], whanne a part is set for al, either al is set for oo part.

1432-50 tr. Higden (Rolls) IV. 263 Criste was seide to be in the..herte of therthe thre daies and iij. ny3htes by a figure callede sinodoches, after Seynte Austyn, sythe Criste reste not in his sepulcre but by xlti howres.

1483 William Caxton Golden Legend, Resurr. (1892) 52 Jhesus was in the sepulcre iii dayes & iii nyghtes. But after saynt austyn the first day is taken by synecdoche, that is, that the last part of the day is taken [etc.].

1551 T. Wilson Logike (1580) 75 Therefore, whereas I saie, the Churche doeth not erre, it is called Synechdoche, that is to saie, when the parte is vsed for the whole [sic].

1638 Chillingw. Relig. Prot. i. v. §94. 295 By a Synecdoche of the whole for the part, he might be said to forsake the Visible Church.



Posted 27 January 2013. Modified 31 January 2016.

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