Fragment 510180



the smell of the fig, to mad bulls;

Original French:  le flair du Figuier, aux Taureaux indignez:

Modern French:  le flair du Figuier, aux Taureaux indignez:

Among the examples of pairings whose antipathies are not as vehement as the hatred thieves have of a certain usage of Pantagruelion.




Meydenbach, Jacob, Ortus Sanitatis. Mainz, Germany: 1491. 92v. University of Cambridge Digital Library

Ficus (text)

Ficus (text)

Meydenbach, Jacob, Ortus Sanitatis. Mainz, Germany: 1491. 92v. University of Cambridge Digital Library

Ficus carica

Ficus carica
Ficus carica L.
edible fig

Merian, Matthäus (1593–1650), Fruchtbringenden Gesellschaft. 1646. t. 76.

The Smell of the Fig-tree to mad Bulls

Pliny xxiii. 7 § 64.

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), The Five Books and Minor Writings. Volume 1: Books I-III. William Francis Smith (1842–1919), translator. London: Alexader P. Watt, 1893. Internet Archive

le flair du Figuier, aux Taureaux indignez

D’après Pline, XXIII, 64, «Caprificus tauros quamlibet feroces, collo eorum circumdata, in tantum mirabili natura compescit ut immobiles præstet.» Cette légende se retrouve dans Plutarque (Quœst. Sympos., 7) et Isidore de Séville (Orig., XVII, 7). Il s’agit ici du figuier sauvage, Ficus carica. L. (Paul Delaunay)

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Oeuvres. Édition critique. Tome Cinquieme: Tiers Livre. Abel Lefranc (1863-1952), editor. Paris: Librairie Ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931. p. 361. Internet Archive


Encore une fois, la plupart de ces exemples se retrouvent dans le De latinis nominibus de Charles Estienne. Le nenufar et la semence de saule sont des antiaphrodisiaques. La ferula servait, dans l’Antiquité, à fustiger les écoliers (cf. Martial, X, 62-10).

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Le Tiers Livre. Edition critique. Michael A. Screech (b. 1926), editor. Paris-Genève: Librarie Droz, 1964.

le flair du Figuier, aux Taureaux indignez

Un collier de figuier immobilise les taureaux (Pline, XXIII, lxiv).

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Œuvres complètes. Mireille Huchon, editor. Paris: Gallimard, 1994. p. 506, n. 4.


fig. Forms: fige, fyg(g(e, , figg(e [adopted from Old French fige, figue, adaptation of Provençal figa, figua: -popular Latin *fica fig, formed on Latin ficus fig-tree, fig.]

The fruit of the fig-tree or Ficus, esp. the fruit of the Ficus carica.

A. 1225 Ancren riwle R. 150 Swete frut, þet me clepeð figes.

C. 1325 Richard Coer de Lion 1549 Fyggys, raysyns, in frayel.

1393 William Langland The vision of William concerning Piers Plowman C. iii. 29 Ne on croked kene þorne kynde fygys wexe.

C. 1400 Maundev. (1839) v. 50 Fyge trees þat beren no leves but fyges vpon the smale braunches, & men clepen hem Figes of Pharoon.

C. 1430 Two Cookery-bks. 15 An sethe fygys in Wyne & grynde hem.

1591 Joshuah Sylvester, translator Du Bartas his divine weekes and workes i. iii. 573 The milky Fig, the Damson black and white.

1671 William Salmon Synopsis medicinæ iii. lxxxii. 713 Apply a Cataplasm of Figgs and Raisons stoned.

fig-tree. Any tree of the genus Ficus, especially Ficus carica.

1382 John Wyclif Bible Numbers xx. 5 The whiche ne fige getith, ne vynes, ne powmgarnettis.

C. 1400 Romance of the Rose 1364 Fyges, & many a date tree There wexen.

C. 1440 Promptorium parvulorium sive cleriucorum 159 Fygge or fyge tre, ficus.

1763 Churchill Gotham 1, The Fig, which gave our first Parents Cloaths.

A poisoned fig used as a secret way of destroying an obnoxious person. Often fig of Spain, Spanish, Italian fig. Obsolete

C. 1589 Theses Martinianæ 21 Have you given him an Italian figge?

1616 R. C. Times’ Whistle iii. 1151 This boy… long he shall not soe, if figs of Spain..their force retaine.

16.. North Theret’s Lives (1657) 45 Tamberlaine… did cause a Fig to be given him, and after his death married his widow.

1670 G. H. Hist. Cardinals iii. i. 233 Some report he was poyson’d with an Italian Fig.

1691 Bethel Provid. God 33 He… durst not have disobeyed for fear of a Dose, or a Fig.



Posted 24 January 2013. Modified 12 July 2017.

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