Fragment 500539



which for such debate was called polemonia, as warlike.

Original French:  laquelle pour tel debat feut dicte Polemonia, comme Guerroyere.

Modern French:  laquelle pour tel debat feut dicte Polemonia, comme Guerroyère.



Guerroyere] Tout ceci est pris de Pline, l. 25., chap 6.

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Œuvres de Maitre François Rabelais. Publiées sous le titre de : Faits et dits du géant Gargantua et de son fils Pantagruel, avec la Prognostication pantagrueline, l’épître de Limosin, la Crême philosophale et deux épîtres à deux vieilles de moeurs et d’humeurs différentes. Nouvelle édition, où l’on a ajouté des remarques historiques et critiques. Tome Troisieme
p. 258
Jacob Le Duchat [1658–1735], editor
Amsterdam: Henri Bordesius, 1711
Google Books


Polemoniam alii philetaeriam ab certamine regum inventionis appellant, Cappadoces autem chiliodynamiam, radice crassa, exilibus ramis quibus in summis corymbi dependent, nigro semine, cetero rutae similis, nascitur in montosis.

Two kings [Polemon, King of Pontus, and Philetaerus, King of Cappadocia] have claimed to be the discoverer of polemonia; accordingly some call it by that name and some philetaeria, while the Cappadocians call it chiliodynamia [“The plant with a thousand powers”]. It has a thick root, thin branches with clusters hanging from the ends, and black seed. In other respects it is like rue, and it grows in mountainous districts.

Pliny the Elder [23–79 AD]
The Natural History. Volume 7: Books 24–27
William Henry Samuel Jones [1876–1963], translator
Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1956
Loeb Classical Library


Translated by Urquhart as “and by us for the same cause termed Make-bate.” Ozell’s footnote re. Make bate: Guerroyere. Warlike. All this and most that comes after is taken from Pliny l. xxv. c. vi, and vii, &c. &c. &c.

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
The Works of Francis Rabelais, M.D. The Third Book. Now carefully revised, and compared throughout with the late new edition of M. Le du Chat
John Ozell [d. 1743], editor
London: J. Brindley, 1737

being the Cause of War

Pliny, N.H. xxv. 6, § 28: “Polemoniam alii Philetaeriam a certamine regum inventionis appellant.”

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Gargantua and Pantagruel
William Francis Smith [1842–1919], translator
London, 1893


« Polemoniam, alii philetæriam, a certamine regum inventionis appellant ». Pline, XXV, 6. C’est le πολεμώντον de Dioscoride (IV, 8). Tournefort, le premier, reconnut dans cette plante la Valériane grecque (Polemonium cæruleum, L.). C’est l’avis de Fée. M. Sainéan la rapporte à Hypericum (Ascyreia) olympicum L. La plante que les botanistes appelaient au XVIe siècle, avec Pena et Lobel, Polemonium monspelliense est notre Jasminum fruticans, L. (Paul Delaunay)

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Oeuvres. Tome Cinquieme: Tiers Livre. Édition critique
p. 348
Abel Lefranc [1863-1952], editor
Paris: Librairie Ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931


De latinis nominibus, s.v. polemonia.

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Le Tiers Livre. Edition critique
Michael A. Screech [b. 1926], editor
Paris-Genève: Librarie Droz, 1964


Pline, XXV, vi.

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Œuvres complètes
p. 504, n. 2
Mireille Huchon, editor
Paris: Gallimard, 1994


Polemoine: Spattling Poppie, frothie Poppie, white Ben; also, the shrubbie Trefoile called, Make-bate.

Randle Cotgrave [–1634?]
A Dictionarie of the French and English Tongue
London: Adam Islip, 1611


polemoniaceous [formed on modern Latin Polemoniaceæ (formed on Polemonium, adopted from Greek polemwnion the Greek Valerian, formed on proper name Polemwn, or, according to Pliny, from polemoj war)]

Of or belonging to the Polemoniaceæ, a family of herbaceous plants, chiefly natives of temperate countries, the typical genus of which, Polemonium, contains the Jacob’s ladder or Greek Valerian, P. cæruleum.


polemonium. [modern Latin (J. P. de Tournefort Institutiones Rei Herbariæ (1700) I. 146), adopted from Gk. polemwnion.]

An annual or perennial herb of the genus so called, belonging to the family Polemoniaceæ, native to America, Asia, or Europe, and bearing single or clustered bell-shaped flowers.



Posted 22 January 2013. Modified 22 January 2017.

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