Fragment 520248

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and other Roman emperors,

Original French:  & aultres Romains empereurs

Modern French:  & aultres Romains empereurs



Notes

empereurs

Au sens du latin imperatores, commandants en chef. D’après Pline, VII, 54, l’usage de la crémation daterait de l’époque de Sylla.

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Oeuvres. Tome Cinquieme: Tiers Livre. Édition critique
p. 371
Abel Lefranc [1863-1952], editor
Paris: Librairie Ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931
Archive.org

crémation

Ipsum cremare apud Romanos non fuit veteris instituti; terra condebantur. at postquam longinquis bellis obrutos erui eognovere, tunc institutum. et tamen multae familiae priscos servavere ritus, sicut in Cornelia nemo ante Sullam dictatorem traditur crematus, idque voluisse veritum talionem eruto C. Mari cadavere. [sepultus vero intellegitur quoquo modo conditus, humatus vero humo contectus.] [Secl. Mayhoff]

Cremation was not actually an old practice at Rome: the dead used to be buried. But cremation was instituted after it became known that the bodies of those fallen in wars abroad were dug up again. All the same many families kept on the old ritual, for instance it is recorded that nobody in the family of the Cornelii was cremated before Sulla the dictator, and that he had desired it because he was afraid of reprisals for having dug up the corpse of Gaius Marius. [But burial is understood to denote any mode of disposal of a corpse, but interment means covering up with earth.]

Pliny the Elder [23–79 AD]
The Natural History. Volume 2: Books 3 – 7
07.54
Harris Rackham [1868–1944], translator
Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1942
Loeb Classical Library

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Posted 10 February 2013. Modified 21 January 2017.

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