Fragment 490636

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aristolochia,

Original French:  Ariftolochie,

Modern French:  Aristolochie,


Among the plants that, like Pantagruelion, have two sexes.

Aristolochia is also mentioned in Chapter 50, among plants named for their virtues and operations, in that case as a plant that aids women in childbirth.


Notes

Aristologia longa

Aristologia

Schöffer, Peter (ca. 1425–ca. 1502.), [R]ogatu plurimo[rum] inopu[m] num[m]o[rum] egentiu[m] appotecas refuta[n]tiu[m] occasione illa, q[uia] necessaria ibide[m] ad corp[us] egru[m] specta[n]tia su[n]t cara simplicia et composita. Mainz: 1484. plate 13. Botanicus

Aristologia rotunda

Aristologia rotunda

Ortus sanitatis. Mainz, Germany: Jacob Meydenbach, 1491. 19v. University of Cambridge Digital Library

Aristologia rotunda (text)

Aristologia rotunda (text)

Ortus sanitatis. Mainz, Germany: Jacob Meydenbach, 1491. 19v. University of Cambridge Digital Library

Aristologia longa

Aristologia longa

Ortus sanitatis. Mainz, Germany: Jacob Meydenbach, 1491. 20v. University of Cambridge Digital Library

Aristologia longa (text)

Aristologia longa (text)

Ortus sanitatis. Mainz, Germany: Jacob Meydenbach, 1491. 20v. University of Cambridge Digital Library

Aristolochia

Aristolochia clematitis
Aristolochia rotunda
Lang holwurtz

Fuchs, Leonhart (1501 – 1566), De historia stirpium commentarii insignes…. Basil: In Officina Isingriniana, 1542. p. 90. Smithsonian Library

Aristolochia longa

Aristolochia longa
Aristolochia longa L.

Zorn, Johannes (1739–1799), Afbeeldingen der Artseny-Gewassen met Derzelver Nederduitsche en Latynsche Beschryvingen. Amsterdam: C. Sepp & Zoon, 1796. vol. 2: t. 142. Plantgenera.org

aristolochie

Aristolochia, aristoloche, genus de la famille des Aristolochiées, à fleurs hermaphrodites. A la suite des Grecs, Pline en distingue 4 espèces, parmi lesquelles « alterum [genus] mascuoæ, radice longd » (XXV, 54) qui correspond, pour Fée à A. longa L. (Paul Delaunay)

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Oeuvres. Édition critique. Tome Cinquieme: Tiers Livre. Abel Lefranc (1863-1952), editor. Paris: Librairie Ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931. p. 343. Internet Archive

Aristolochia

Inter nobilissimas aristolochiae nomen dedisse gravidae videntur, quoniam esset ἀρίστη λεχούσαις. nostri malum terrae vocant et quattuor genera eius servant: unum tuberibus radicis rotundis, foliis inter malvam et hederam, nigrioribus mollioribusque, alterum masculae, radice longa, quattuor digitorum longitudine, baculi crassitudine, tertium longissimae, tenuitate vitis novellae, cuius sit praecipua vis, quae et clematitis vocatur, ab aliis cretica

Among the most celebrated plants aristolochia received its name, as is clear, from women with child, because they considered it to be λεχούσαις, that is, “excellent for women in childbed.” Latin writers call it “earth apple,” distinguishing four kinds of it: one with round tubers on the root, and with leaves partly like those of the mallow and partly like those of ivy, but darker and softer: the second is the male plant, with a long root of four fingers’ length, thick as a walking-stick; the third is very long and as slender as a young vine, with especially strong properties, and is called by some clematitis and by other cretica.

Pliny the Elder (23–79 AD), The Natural History. Volume 7: Books 24–27. William Henry Samuel Jones (1876–1963), translator. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1956. 25.054. Loeb Classical Library

aristolochie

Edition E: arist ologie

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Oeuvres. Édition critique. Tome Cinquieme: Tiers Livre. Abel Lefranc (1863-1952), editor. Paris: Librairie Ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931. p. 343. Internet Archive

Aristolochie

Aristolochie: Harwort, Birthwort.
Aristolochie longhue. Long Birthwory, or male Birthword.
Aristolochie ronde. Round, or female Birthwort.

Cotgrave, Randle (–1634?), A Dictionarie of the French and English Tongue. London: Adam Islip, 1611. PBM

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Posted 22 January 2013. Modified 12 June 2017.

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