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aristolochia, which aids women in childbirth.

Original French:  Ariſtolochia, qui ayde les femmes en mal d’enfant.

Modern French:  Aristolochia, qui ayde les femmes en mal d’enfant.


Among the plants named for their virtues and operations.

Aristolochia is also mentioned in Chapter 49, among plants that have two sexes.


Notes

Aristologia longa

Aristologia

Schöffer, Peter (ca. 1425–ca. 1502.), [R]ogatu plurimo[rum] inopu[m] num[m]o[rum] egentiu[m] appotecas refuta[n]tiu[m] occasione illa, q[uia] necessaria ibide[m] ad corp[us] egru[m] specta[n]tia su[n]t cara simplicia et composita. Mainz: 1484. plate 13. Botanicus

Aristologia rotunda

Aristologia rotunda

Ortus sanitatis. Mainz, Germany: Jacob Meydenbach, 1491. 19v. University of Cambridge Digital Library

Aristologia rotunda (text)

Aristologia rotunda (text)

Ortus sanitatis. Mainz, Germany: Jacob Meydenbach, 1491. 19v. University of Cambridge Digital Library

Aristologia longa

Aristologia longa

Ortus sanitatis. Mainz, Germany: Jacob Meydenbach, 1491. 20v. University of Cambridge Digital Library

Aristologia longa (text)

Aristologia longa (text)

Ortus sanitatis. Mainz, Germany: Jacob Meydenbach, 1491. 20v. University of Cambridge Digital Library

Aristolochia

Aristolochia clematitis
Aristolochia rotunda
Lang holwurtz

Fuchs, Leonhart (1501 – 1566), De historia stirpium commentarii insignes…. Basil: In Officina Isingriniana, 1542. p. 90. Smithsonian Library

Aristolochia longa

Aristolochia longa
Aristolochia longa L.

Zorn, Johannes (1739–1799), Afbeeldingen der Artseny-Gewassen met Derzelver Nederduitsche en Latynsche Beschryvingen. Amsterdam: C. Sepp & Zoon, 1796. vol. 2: t. 142. Plantgenera.org

aristolochia

D’άριζοζ, optimus, λόχιοζ, ad partum pertinens, λόχοζ, puerpera gravida: herba puerperis utilis.

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Œuvres de Rabelais (Edition Variorum). Tome Cinquième. Charles Esmangart (1736–1793), editor. Paris: Chez Dalibon, 1823. p. 269. Google Books

Aristolochia

Pliny xxv. 8 [?]

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), The Five Books and Minor Writings. Volume 1: Books I-III. William Francis Smith (1842–1919), translator. London: Alexader P. Watt, 1893. Internet Archive

aristolochia

De ἄριστοζ, excellent, λόχια, lochies; plante qui, d’après Dioscoride, facilite post partum le flux lochial. « Inter nobilissimas aristolochiæ nomen dedisse gravidæ videnturm quoniam esset ὰρίστη λοχενούσαιζ », dit Pline, XXV, 54. Aristolochia, genre d’Aristolochiées. Pline en mentionne quatre esp.: l’une à tubercules ronds (A. lutea, Desf. ? selon Sprengel; A. rotunda, L. ? pour Fée) ; la 2e, mâle, à racine longue (A. longa, L. ?); la 3e, clematitis ou cretica (A. clematitis, L. ?); la 4e ou plistolochia, ou polyrrhizon (A. pistolochia, L. ?) La plus employée en thérapeutique ancienne était A. longa, L. (Paul Delaunay)

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Oeuvres. Édition critique. Tome Cinquieme: Tiers Livre. Abel Lefranc (1863-1952), editor. Paris: Librairie Ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931. p. 350. Internet Archive

aristolochia

Inter nobilissimas aristolochiae nomen dedisse gravidae videntur, quoniam esset ἀρίστη λεχούσαις. nostri malum terrae vocant et quattuor genera eius servant: unum tuberibus radicis rotundis, foliis inter malvam et hederam, nigrioribus mollioribusque, alterum masculae, radice longa, quattuor digitorum longitudine, baculi crassitudine, tertium longissimae, tenuitate vitis novellae, cuius sit praecipua vis, quae et clematitis vocatur, ab aliis cretica

Among the most celebrated plants aristolochia received its name, as is clear, from women with child, because they considered it to be λεχούσαις, that is, “excellent for women in childbed.” Latin writers call it “earth apple,” distinguishing four kinds of it: one with round tubers on the root, and with leaves partly like those of the mallow and partly like those of ivy, but darker and softer: the second is the male plant, with a long root of four fingers’ length, thick as a walking-stick; the third is very long and as slender as a young vine, with especially strong properties, and is called by some clematitis and by other cretica.

Pliny the Elder (23–79 AD), The Natural History. Volume 7: Books 24–27. William Henry Samuel Jones (1876–1963), translator. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1956. 25.054. Loeb Classical Library

nommés pas leurs vertus et operations

Sauf pour le lichen, tous les détails sont dans De latinis nominibus («Alysson … dicitur (ut ait Galenus) quod mirifice morsus a cane rabido curet. [gk] enim rabiem significat. Ephemerium… quo die sumptum fuerit (ut nominis ipsa ratio ostendit) intermit. Bechion autem appellatum est, quod [gk], id es tusses … juvet. Nasturtium, cresson alenois … dicitur a torquendis naribus. Hyoscame, faba suis, vulgo hannebane, … dicitur … quot pastu ejus convellantur sues ». R. a mal lu ses notes, faisant de hanebanes une plante différente de l’hyoscame.

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Le Tiers Livre. Edition critique. Michael A. Screech (b. 1926), editor. Paris-Genève: Librarie Droz, 1964.

Aristolochia

De άριστοζ, «excellent», et λόχια, «lochies» (Pline, XX, lxxxiv).

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Œuvres complètes. Mireille Huchon, editor. Paris: Gallimard, 1994. p. 504, n. 10.

Aristolochie

Aristolochie: Harwort, Birthwort.
Aristolochie longhue. Long Birthwory, or male Birthword.
Aristolochie ronde. Round, or female Birthwort.

Cotgrave, Randle (–1634?), A Dictionarie of the French and English Tongue. London: Adam Islip, 1611. PBM

Aristolochia

Aristolochia. Forms aristologia, aristology, aristoloch, aristolochy. [adopted from medieval Latin aristologia (also Spanish and Italian), and from French aristoloche, 16th century aristolochie, adaptation of Latin aristolochia, adopted from Greek aristoloxeia, formed on aristoloxoj well-born (from its repute in promoting childbirth).]

A genus of shrubs, of which one species, A. Clematitis, the Common Birthwort, is found in Britain as an old escape from cultivation.

1398 John de Trevisa Bartholomeus De proprietatibus rerus xvii. xiv. (1495) 612 Aristologia is a full medycynall herbe though it be bytter.

1541 R. Copland Guydon’s Quest. Cyrurg., With the rote of Arystologie, or of Affodylles.

1551 William Turner A new herball (1568) 43 The seconde kynd of aristolochia.

1578 Henry Lyte, translator Dodoens’ Niewe herball or historie of plantes 312 Sarrasines herbe or Astroloche..Long Aristoloche, Rounde Aristoloche.

1578 Lyte Dodoens 314 The long and rounde Aristolochias growe plentifully in Spayne… called in English Aristologia and of some Byrthwort.

1585 Lloyd Treas. Health D iii, Aristologye caryed upon a man cureth hym.

1601 Philemon Holland, translator Pliny’s History of the world, commonly called the Natural historie II. 226 All the sort of these Aristolochies yeeld an aromaticall odour.

1607 Edward Topsell The history of foure-footed beasts and serpents 269 Aristoloch, otherwise called round Hartwort. 775 Long Aristolochie or Hartwort.


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Posted 22 January 2013. Modified 12 June 2017.

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