Fragment 521220




Original French:  Sabiens

Modern French:  Sabiens

These Sabiens are a people of Arabia, not the Sabinie, an ancient Italian race mentioned in Chapter 49.



Sequitur regio quarta gentium vel fortissimarum Italiae.… Sabini, ut quidam existimavere, a religione et deum cultu Sebini appellati, Velinos accolunt lacus roscidis

There follows the fourth region, which includes the very bravest races in Italy.… The Sabines (according to some opinions called Sebini from their religious beliefs and ritual [ ‘Sabini’ was originally ‘Sebini’ from σέβας]) live on the lush dewy hills by the Lakes of Velino.

Pliny the Elder [23–79 AD]
The Natural History. Volume 2: Books 3 – 7
Harris Rackham [1868–1944], translator
Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1942
Loeb Classical Library


a meridie insulae multae, maxima Camari, flumen Musecros, portus Laupas; Scenitae Sabaei, insulae multae, emporium eorum Acila, ex quo in Indiam navigatur;

Many islands to the southward, the largest of which is Camari, the river Musecros, Port Laupas; the Sabaei, a tribe of Scenitae,a owning many islands and a trading-station at Kalhat which is a port of embarkation for India;

Pliny the Elder [23–79 AD]
The Natural History. Volume 2: Books 3 – 7
Harris Rackham [1868–1944], translator
Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1942
Loeb Classical Library


Voiez Pline, l. 6. chap. 28 & l. 12 chap 14 15 & 16.

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Œuvres de Maitre François Rabelais. Publiées sous le titre de : Faits et dits du géant Gargantua et de son fils Pantagruel, avec la Prognostication pantagrueline, l’épître de Limosin, la Crême philosophale et deux épîtres à deux vieilles de moeurs et d’humeurs différentes. Nouvelle édition, où l’on a ajouté des remarques historiques et critiques. Tome Troisieme
p. 272
Jacob Le Duchat [1658–1735], editor
Amsterdam: Henri Bordesius, 1711
Google Books


Sabéens, peuple d’Arabie. Cf. Pline, VI, 28: «Sabaei Arabum propter thura clarissimi.»

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Oeuvres. Tome Cinquieme: Tiers Livre. Édition critique
p. 376
Abel Lefranc [1863-1952], editor
Paris: Librairie Ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931


Sabine. [adaptation of Latin Sabinus]

Of or pertaining to the Sabines:

1600 Philemon Holland, translator tr. Livy’s Romane Hist. i. 8 And the youth of Rome upon a token and watch-word given, fell on every side to carrie away the Sabine maidens.

1606 Jonson Hymenaei sig. Cv, The Speare, which (in the Sabine tongue) was called Curis.

1697 Dryden Æneid viii. 842 Sabine dames.

1756 C. Smart tr. Horace, Satires i. ix. (1826) II. 75 An old Sabine sorceress.

One of a race of ancient Italy who inhabited the central region of the Apennines.

1387 John de Trevisa Higden (Rolls) III. 61 Tacius kyng of Sabyns was i-slawe by assent of Romulus.

1533 Bellenden Livy i. iv. (S.T.S.) I. 29 Ane huge nowmer of Sabinis with þare wyiffis, barnis, & servandis.

1601 Philemon Holland, translator Pliny’s History of the world, commonly called the Natural historie I. 65 The Sabines… dwell hard by the Veline lakes.

1783 W. Gordon tr. Livy’s Rom. Hist. (1823) I. xxxviii. 70 The Sabines fled to the Mountains.

Transferred sense in allusion to the proverb Sabini quod volunt somniant, `the Sabines dream what they will’ (Festus).

1610 Philomen Holland, translator Camden’s Brit. 542 Grimsby, which our Sabins, or conceited persons dreaming what they list, and following their owne fansies, will have to be so called of one Grime a merchant.

The Rape of the Sabines

This film deals with the legend of the rape of the Sabine women, which also inspired the musical Seven Brides for Seven Brothers (1954). Mylene Demongeot is, as ever, a most lovely heroine. The best film to incorporate the battle of the sexes into the peplum genre remains, according to Gauci, Amazons of Rome (1961).

Richard Pottier
Il ratto delle sabine


Sabéens, peuple d’Arabie; dans ce défie, on a pu voir un pastiche de Champier, Hortus gallicus, Lyon, 1533, qui prône les médecines «bénédictes» contre les drogues arabes (R. Antonioli, Rabelais et la médecine, p. 299.

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Œuvres complètes
p. 512, n. 2
Mireille Huchon, editor
Paris: Gallimard, 1994



Posted 27 January 2013. Modified 21 January 2017.

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