who used to have burned the dead bodies of their parents and lords



who used to have burned the dead bodies of their parents and lords,

Original French:  qui faiſoient bruſler les corps mors de leurs parens & ſeigneurs,

Modern French:  qui faisoient brusler les corps mors de leurs parens & seigneurs,


The Labyrinths, turrets, sundry fashions of burials

Book 3, Chapter 8: The Romans, because the dead corps, that died in battel, were after their burial digged out of the ground, instituted the manner of burning the carcases of men departed, which Rite was executed on Sylla, chief of all the house and kindred of the Cornelians, which feared lest he should be served as he had used Marius.

Polydori Vergilii [c. 1470-1555]
De inventoribus rerum
John Langley, translator
New York, 1868
Google Books

brusler les corps mors de leurs parens et seigneurs

D’après César, De bello gallico, VI, 19. Rabelais a déjà fait allusion à ce passage, ch. III., l. 14.

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Oeuvres. Tome Cinquieme: Tiers Livre. Édition critique
p. 371
Abel Lefranc [1863-1952], editor
Paris: Librairie Ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931

brusler les corps

Rabelais va traiter de la crémation. On admettait au XVIe siècle que cet usage remontait à Scylla (P. Vergile, De Inventous rerum, III, x). Pour les Druids, cf. plus bas, III, 17.

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Le Tiers Livre. Edition critique
Michael A. Screech [b. 1926], editor
Paris-Genève: Librarie Droz, 1964

faisoient brusler

César, De bello gallico, VI, xix; voir III, p. 361.

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Œuvres complètes
p. 510, n. 4
Mireille Huchon, editor
Paris: Gallimard, 1994


negatur cremari posse in iis qui cardiaco morbo obierint, negatur et veneno interemptis; certe exstat oratio Vitelli qua Gnaeum Pisonem eius sceleris coarguit hoc usus argumento, palamque testatus non potuisse ob venenum cor Germanici Caesaris cremari. contra genere morbi defensus est Piso.

It is stated that at the cremation of persons who have died of heart disease the heart cannot be burnt, and the same is said of persons that have been killed by poison; undoubtedly there is extant a speech of Vitellius that employs this argument to prove Gnaeus Piso guilty of poisoning,b and explicitly uses the evidence that it had been impossible to cremate the heart of Germanicus Caesar on account of poison. In reply Piso’s defence was based on the nature of the disease.

Pliny the Elder [23–79 AD]
The Natural History. Volume 3: Books 8– 11
Harris Rackham [1868–1944], translator
Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1940
Loeb Classical Library



Posted 10 February 2013. Modified 22 April 2020.

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