Fragment 511039



and revered by the Manes and Lemures

Original French:  & reuerée des Manes & Lemures

Modern French:  & reverée des Manes & Lemures


manes [Latin manes. By some scholars supposed to be the plural of Old Latin manis good.]

The deified souls of departed ancestors (as beneficent spirits; opposed to larvæ and lemures, the malevolent shades of the Lower World). Also, the spirit, ‘shade’ of a departed person, considered as an object of homage or reverence, or as demanding to be propitiated by vengeance.

1390 John Gower Confessio amantis II. 173 Thei hadden goddes,… And tho be name Manes hihten, To whom ful gret honour thei dihten.

1609 Philemon Holland, translator Ammianus Marcellinus’ Roman historie xv. vii. 43 As if they meant with Romane bloud to sacrifice unto their wicked Manes.

1670 John Dryden The conquest of Granada by the Spaniards, first part iv. ii, The manes of my son shall smile this day, While I, in blood, my vows of vengeance pay.


lemur. [adopted from Latin *lemur]

In Roman mythology: The spirits of the departed.

1555 Eden Decades 26 In these they graue the lyuely Images of such phantasies as they suppose they see walke by night which the Antiquitie cauled Lemures.

C. 1580 Jefferie Bugbears iii. iii. in Archiv Stud. neu. Spr. (1897) 68 Harpyes, Gogmagogs, lemures.

1629 John Milton On the morning of Christs nativity 191 The Lars and Lemures moan with midnight plaint.

1657 H. Pinnell Philos. Ref. 26 To the Earth doe belong Gnoms, Lemurs, Sylphs [etc.]



Posted 25 January 2013. Modified 8 November 2014.

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