Fragment 510284



mortal quinsy.

Original French:  mortelle Squinanche.

Modern French:  mortelle Squinanche.

Mortelle Squinance

Ce que Rabelais appelle angine & squinance, c’est l’esquinancie, ainsi appelée par corruption, au lieu de synanchie, de la particule συν, & du verbe ἂγχω, duquel vient aussi angine. Voiez Ménage, au mot Esquinancie. Quelques uns, après Jule Scaliger, dérivent συάνγχη de χυων αγχη, & de ceux-là est Laurent Joubert, qui veut que cynanche signifie proprement un lacet à étrangler un chien. Voiez son Explication des Phrases & mots vulgaires, au mot squinance.

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Œuvres de Maitre François Rabelais
p. 261
Jacob Le Duchat [1658–1735], editor
Amsterdam: Henri Bordesius, 1711
Google Books


[Addendum to Le Duchat] On lit squinanche dans l’édition de 1552.

François Rabelais [ca. 1483–1553]
Œuvres de Rabelais (Edition Variorum)
p. 275
Charles Esmangart [1736-1793], editor
Paris: Chez Dalibon, 1823
Google Books


Esquinance, inflammation violente à la gorge.

Squinance est une inflammation de la gorge, or du larnyx, qui empesche souvent l’air d’entere et sortir par la trachee artere, et la viande d’estre avallee en l’estomach (Paré, VI, 8.)

Frédéric Godefroy
Complément du dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française
Paris: Vieweg, Libraire-Éditeur, 1895-1902
Lexilogos – Dictionnaire ancien français


Esquinance. The Squincie, or Squinancie; (a disease.)

Randle Cotgrave [–1634?]
A Dictionarie of the French and English Tongue
London: Adam Islip, 1611


squinance. Obsolete Also squynance. [So older French (e)squinance (16th c.). Cf. squince.]

= squinsy

C. 1450 John de Trevisa Bartholomeus De proprietatibus rerus vii. xxviii. (Bodl. MS.), Þere beþ þre manere squynances.

1539 Sir Thomas Elyot The castel of helth iii. vii, It helpeth squynances, or quynces in the throte.

1578 Henry Lyte, translator Dodoens’ Niewe herball or historie of plantes 272 It swageth the squinance.

1584 Thomas Cogan The hauen of Health ccxi. 188 They shall be fettered with gowtes,… strangled with Squinances.


squinancy. Now rare. Forms: squyn-, squinansy, squynancy sqyn-, sqwyn-, -anci, -ancie, squinancy, squinantie, -tye. [adaptation of medieval Latin squinancia, -antia, apparently formed by confusion of Greek sunagxh and kunagxh cynanche, both denoting diseases of the throat. Hence also French esquinancie, †squinancie]

Quinsy; = squinsy

A1398 John de Trevisa Bartholomeus De proprietatibus rerus v. xxiv. (Bodl. MS.), Þis yuel mater… bredith sqynancy þat sleeþ in on day.

A. 1400 in Reliquiæ antiquæ: scraps from ancient manuscripts I. 51 For hym that haves the squynansy.

C. 1530 Judic. Urines ii. vii. 30 Humours that torneth in to apostume that is called Squinancia the squinancie.

1562 William Turner A new herball, the seconde parte ii. (1568) 164 It that is purple in the floure… is good for the squinancie or choukes.

1597 A. M. translator Guillemeau’s French chirurgerye 6/1 A vehemente and great squinantie.

1597 A. M. translator Guillemeau’s French chirurgerye 29 b/2 Shee may be opened agaynst the Squinantye.

A form or attack of quinsy; = squinsy 2.

1611 in Birch Crt. & Times Jas. I (1849) I. 134 The lord chamberlain was dangerously sick on the sudden of a squinancy, or quinsey.

1653 William Ramesey Astrologia restaurata, or astrology restored 170 If necessity inforceth, thou needest not stand to elect a time (as in Apoplexies and Squinancies).

1684 Robert Boyle Experiments about the porosity of bodies iii. 29 The same Febril matter… causes in the first case a Pleurisie, in the 2d, a Squinancy.


quinsy. Inflammation of the throat or parts of the throat; suppuration of the tonsils; tonsillitis. Also, a form or attack of this.

13… Minor Poems fr. Vernon MS. 164 Men called at vuel Comuynli, at he hedde the Qwinaci.

14… Thomas Wright and Richard Paul Wülcker, Anglo-Saxon and Old English Vocabularies (1884) 791/9 Hec squ[in]acia, a queynose.

a1450 ME. Med. Bk. (Heinrich) 215 Ferst lete hym blod… to rypee quinesye.

14… Thomas Wright and Richard Paul Wülcker, Anglo-Saxon and Old English Vocabulariesr 587/32 Gutturna, Quynsy.

14… Nominale ibid. 709/1 The qwynse.

1493 John Mirk’s Liber festivalis (W. de Worde 1515) 95b, On a tyme he was nere deed of the quency.

1534 Thomas More A dialoge of comforte against tribulation III. Wks. 1246/1 He collereth them by the neck with a quinsye.

1570 Barnaby Googe, translator Kirkmeyer’s The popish kingdome or reigne of Antichrist. III. 38b, Blase driues away the quinsey quight, with water sanctifide.

1646 Sir Thomas Browne Pseudodoxia Epidemica 102 A famous medicine in Quinses, sore throats, and strangulations.

1753 Richardson Grandison (1781) II. xvi. 167 She tried to swallow, as one in a quinsey.

1530 Palsgr. 182 Les escrovelles, a disease called the quynnancy or the kynges yvell.

1587 L. Mascall Govt. Cattle, Horses (1627) 125 The quinancy is an ill sorenesse… in the throat of the horse.



Posted 27 January 2013. Modified 31 January 2016.

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