Original French: Ariftolochie,
Modern French: Aristolochie,
Among the plants that, like Pantagruelion, have two sexes.
Aristolochia is also mentioned in Chapter 50, among plants named for their virtues and operations, in that case as a plant that aids women in childbirth.
Aristologia rotunda (text)
Aristologia longa (text)
Aristolochia, aristoloche, genus de la famille des Aristolochiées, à fleurs hermaphrodites. A la suite des Grecs, Pline en distingue 4 espèces, parmi lesquelles « alterum [genus] mascuoæ, radice longd » (XXV, 54) qui correspond, pour Fée à A. longa L. (Paul Delaunay)
Inter nobilissimas aristolochiae nomen dedisse gravidae videntur, quoniam esset ἀρίστη λεχούσαις. nostri malum terrae vocant et quattuor genera eius servant: unum tuberibus radicis rotundis, foliis inter malvam et hederam, nigrioribus mollioribusque, alterum masculae, radice longa, quattuor digitorum longitudine, baculi crassitudine, tertium longissimae, tenuitate vitis novellae, cuius sit praecipua vis, quae et clematitis vocatur, ab aliis cretica
Among the most celebrated plants aristolochia received its name, as is clear, from women with child, because they considered it to be λεχούσαις, that is, “excellent for women in childbed.” Latin writers call it “earth apple,” distinguishing four kinds of it: one with round tubers on the root, and with leaves partly like those of the mallow and partly like those of ivy, but darker and softer: the second is the male plant, with a long root of four fingers’ length, thick as a walking-stick; the third is very long and as slender as a young vine, with especially strong properties, and is called by some clematitis and by other cretica.
Edition E: arist ologie
Aristolochie: Harwort, Birthwort.
Aristolochie longhue. Long Birthwory, or male Birthword.
Aristolochie ronde. Round, or female Birthwort.