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alopecuros, which resembles the tail of a fox;

Original French:  Alopecuros, qui ſemble a la queue de Renard:

Modern French:  Alopecuros, qui semble à la queue de Renard:


Among the plants named by similitude.


Notes

Fox

Fox
The woodcut doesn’t depict fox tails, but the tails of dogs harrying them in their dens.

Magnus, Olaus (1490–1557), Historiae de gentibus septentrionalibus. (History of the Northern Peoples). Antverpiae: Ioannem Bellerum, 1557. p. 384. Internet Archive

alopecuros

D’ἀλώπηξ, renard, et οὐρά, queue.

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Œuvres de Rabelais (Edition Variorum). Tome Cinquième. Charles Esmangart (1736–1793), editor. Paris: Chez Dalibon, 1823. p. 270. Google Books

Alopecuros

Pliny xxi. 17, § 61.

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), The Five Books and Minor Writings. Volume 1: Books I-III. William Francis Smith (1842–1919), translator. London: Alexader P. Watt, 1893. Internet Archive

Alopecuros

Aliud rursus spicatarum genus, ex quo est achynops, alopecuros, stelephuros,—quam quidam ortygem vocant, alii plantaginem, de qua plura dicemus inter medicas—, thryallis. ex his alopecuros spicam habet mollem et lanuginem densam non dissimilem vulpium caudis, unde et nomen. proxuma ei est et stelephuros, nisi quod illa particulatim floret. cichorion et similia circa terram folia habent germinantia ab radice post vergilias.

Eared plants are yet another kind, to which belong achynops, alopecuros, stelephuros—by some called ortyx, by others plantago, about which I shall speak more fully in the section on medicinal plants—and thryallis. Of these alopecurus has a soft ear and thick down, not unlike the tail of a fox [Alopecurus = fox-tail]; hence too its name. Stelephuros is very like it, except that it blossoms bit by bit. Chicory and the plants like it have leaves near the ground, budding from the root after the Pleiades.

Pliny the Elder (23–79 AD), The Natural History. Volume 6: Books 20–23. William Henry Samuel Jones (1876–1963), translator. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1951. 21.61. Loeb Classical Library

alopecuros

Αλωπεχουροζ (Théophraste, H.P., VII, 10) — de αλωπηξ, renard, ουρα, queu; allusion à la forme de l’épi. « Spicam habet mollem et lanuginem densam, non dissimilem vulpium caudis ». Pline, XXI, 61. Il s’agit évidemment d’une graminée : Saccharum cylindricum, Lmk? si on l’interprète comme Dalechamps, ou Polypogon monspelliense, Desf.? pour Fée. Pena et Lobel appellent Αλωπεχονροζ Theophrasti et Cauda vulpis Monspellliensium notre Lagurus ovatis, L. — Le nom d’Alopecurus désigne aujourd’hui un autre g. de Graminées, le Vulpin.

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Oeuvres. Édition critique. Tome Cinquieme: Tiers Livre. Abel Lefranc (1863-1952), editor. Paris: Librairie Ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931. p. 355. Internet Archive

alopecuros

thus alopecuros or foxtail grass…

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Complete works of Rabelais. Jacques LeClercq (1891–1971), translator. New York: Modern Library, 1936.

pas similitude

Toutes ces plantes, dans De latinis nominibus, sauf pour le delphinium.

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Le Tiers Livre. Edition critique. Michael A. Screech (b. 1926), editor. Paris-Genève: Librarie Droz, 1964.

Alopecuros

De ἀλωπήξ, «renard», et οὐφά, «queue» (Pline, XXI, lxi).

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Œuvres complètes. Mireille Huchon, editor. Paris: Gallimard, 1994. p. 505, n. 2.

alopecia

alopecia. [Latin alopecia, adopted from Greek alwpeki a fox-mange, also baldness in man, formed on alwphc a fox.]

A medical term for baldness.

1398 John de Trevisa Bartholomeus De proprietatibus rerus v. lxvi. (1495) 184 By that euyll callyd Allopicina nourysshynge of heer is corrupte and fayllyth, and the fore party of the heed is bare, suche men fare as foxes.

1585 Lloyd Treas. Health B viij, Burne the heade of a great Ratte and myngle it wyth the droppynge of a Beare or of a hogge and anointe the head, it heleth the desease called Allopecia.


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Posted 27 January 2013. Modified 17 June 2017.

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