myrtle, from Myrsine

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myrtle, from Myrsine;

Original French:  Myrte, de Myrſine:

Modern French:  Myrte, de Myrsine:



Notes

Mirtus

Mirtus

Meydenbach, Jacob, Ortus Sanitatis. Mainz, Germany: 1491. 137r. University of Cambridge Digital Library

myrtus

myrtus
Myrtus communis

Laguna, Andres (ca. 1511 – 1559), Annotationes in Dioscoridem Anazarbeum … iuxta vetustissimorum codicum fidem elaboratae.. Lyon: Apud Gulielmum Rovillium, 1554. Smithsonian Libraries

Myrrh

Smith translates as “Myrrh, from Myrsine” and cites Ovid Met. x. 298-514.

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), The Five Books and Minor Writings. Volume 1: Books I-III. William Francis Smith (1842–1919), translator. London: Alexader P. Watt, 1893. Internet Archive

myrte, de myrsine

Le Myrtus des Anciens est notre M. communis L. (Myrtacée.) — M. Sainéan (H.N.R., 120) pense que cette Myrsine est Myrrha fille de Cinyre, roi de Chypre (Ovide, Mét., X, 298 et sqq.) qui fut changée en un arbre à myrrhe, que Rableais aurait confondu avec le myrte. (Paul Delaunay)

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Oeuvres. Édition critique. Tome Cinquieme: Tiers Livre. Abel Lefranc (1863-1952), editor. Paris: Librairie Ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931. p. 353. Internet Archive

myrtle

Thus myrtle and myrrh tree after Myrsina or Myrrha, who was so changed because of her incestuous love of Cyniras, King of Cyprus, her father…

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Complete works of Rabelais. Jacques LeClercq (1891–1971), translator. New York: Modern Library, 1936.

myrte, de Myrsine

Le myrtus est consacré à Vénus non pas à Myrsine. R. pense-t-il à Myrrha, métamorphosée en arbre à myrrhe? (EC).

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Le Tiers Livre. Edition critique. Michael A. Screech (b. 1926), editor. Paris-Genève: Librarie Droz, 1964.

Myrte

Confusion possible entre le myrte, consacré à Vénus et l’arbre à myrrhe.

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Le Tiers Livre. Pierre Michel, editor. Paris: Gallimard, 1966. p. 565.

Myrte

Le myrte est appelé en grec μνφτίνη et μνφφΐνη, à cause de Myrsine, jeune Athénienne, renommée pour sa beauté et sa force, et tuée par un jeune homme qu’elle avai devancé à la lutte et à la course. La légende est rapportée par les glossateurs de Dioscorides (I, corol. 157); voir Œuvres complètes, éd. Demerson, n. 34, p. 537.

Rabelais, François (ca. 1483–1553), Œuvres complètes. Mireille Huchon, editor. Paris: Gallimard, 1994. p. 504, n. 23.

myrtle

myrtle. Forms: mirtille, -ylle, mirt-, myrtel(l, -ylle, mirtle, mertle, mert-, mirt-, myrtil(l, myrtle. [adopted from Old French mirt-, myrtille, myrtle-berry, adaptation of popular Latin myrtilla, –us, diminutive of Latin myrta, myrtus myrt.]

The fruit or berry of the myrtle tree. Obsolete

C. 1400 Lanfranc’s Science of cirurgie 53 Poudre of mirtillis.

1526 Gt. Herbal cclxvii. (1529) P ij b, Mirte is a lytell tre so called, the whiche tre bereth a fruyte that is named Myrtylles.

1578 Henry Lyte, tr. Dodoens’ Niewe herball or historie of plantes 462 Barley giuen with Mirtels, or wine,… stoppeth the running of the belly.

1657 Coles Adam in E. lxxi. 135 Being boyled in red Wine with Pomegranat Rinds, and Myrtills, it stayeth the Lask.

A plant of the genus Myrtus (N.O. Myrtaceæ), esp. M. communis, the Common Myrtle, a shrub growing abundantly in Southern Europe, having shiny evergreen leaves and white sweet-scented flowers, and now used chiefly in perfumery. The myrtle was held sacred to Venus and is used as an emblem of love.

1562 William Turner A new herball, the seconde parte ii. 60 b, Dioscorides maketh ii. sortes of sowen or set myrtel trees… But other writers make yet mo kyndes of Myrtilles.

1590 Mary Herbert, Countess Pembroke The tragedie of Antonie 68 Since then the Baies so well thy forehead knewe To Venus mirtles yeelded haue their place.

1611 Bible Isaiah xli. 19, I will plant in the wildernes..the Myrtle, and the Oyle tree.

1639 S. Du Verger tr. Camus’ Admir. Events 14 The palmes of my valour, and mirtles of my incomparable love.

1667 John Milton Paradise Lost iv. 262 The fringed Bank with Myrtle crownd.


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Posted 26 January 2013. Modified 8 July 2018.

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