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And [they] spoke improperly and in solecism.

Original French:  Et parloient improprement & en Soloeciſme.

Modern French:  Et parloient improprement & en Soloecisme.


solecism

solecism. Forms: soloecisme, soloecism, solocism, solæcism(e, solaecism, solecisme, solecism, soll-). [adaptation of Latin soloecismus, adaptation of Greek soloikismoj, formed on soloikoj speaking incorrectly, stated by ancient writers to refer to `the corruption of the Attic dialect among the Athenian colonists at Soloi in Cilicia’. So French solécisme, Spanish and Italalian solecismo. The transferred uses of the word also occur in Greek and Latin.]

An impropriety or irregularity in speech or diction; a violation of the rules of grammar or syntax; properly, a faulty concord.

1577 Meridith Hanmer, translator The auncient ecclesiasticall histories of the first six hundred years after Christ, written by Eusebius, Socrates, and Evagrius (1585) 138 They seeme farre from offending, in any barbarous terme, soloecisme, or ignorant error at all.

1582 New Testament (Rhemes) Pref. b ij b, They easily take offense of the simple speaches or solecismes.

1583 William Fulke A defense of the sincere and true translations of the holie scriptures into the English tong i. 47 If the relatiue must alwaies be referred to the antecedent of the same case, to agree with it in case,… there is no Greeke auctor whose workes are extant, but he hath committed Soloecisme.

1588 “Martin Marprelate” Epistle to the terrible priests of the Confocation House (Arb.) 4 If he did, then he ouersaw many a foule solecisme, many a senceles period.

1593 Thomas Nashe Four letters confured (Strange newes) 70 Sucke out one soloecisme or mishapen English word if thou canst.

1603 Philemon Holland, translator Plutarch’s pho;psophie, co0mmonlie called, the Morals Words, Solæcisme, Incongruity of speech, or defect in the purity thereof.

1609 Philemon Holland, translator Ammianus Marcellinus’ Roman historie c j b, A very Soloecisme and incongruitie of Syntaxis.

1660 Jer. Taylor Ductor ii. iii. rule 14. §34 Solecisms, impure words, and… rude expressions.

1672 John Dryden Defence Epil. (Essays) (ed. Ker) I. 165 Let any man… read diligently the works of Shakespeare and Fletcher, and I dare undertake, that he will find in every page either some solecism of speech, or some notorious flaw in sense.

1677 John Dryden The author’s apology for heroic poetry and poetic licence (Essays) (ed. Ker) I. 180 A wary man he is in grammar, very nice as to solecism or barbarism.

1699 Bentley Phal. 320 All these are gross Soloecisms, the last part of the Sentence not agreeing nor answering to the first; which is the proper definition of a Soloecism.


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Posted 27 January 2013. Modified 9 December 2015.

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